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Musculoskeletal Disorders at Workplace
This article intends to define musculoskeletal disorders in the workplace, some risk factors, and measures to prevent them and leave an impact on the behaviours of employers.
What are job-related Musculoskeletal Disorders?
These disorders stand for injuries or diseases of the muscles, ligaments, tendons, cartilages, bones and peripheral nerves. These may range from transient, light disorders to disabling, irreversible musculoskeletal diseases.
Although sports or housework may cause these disorders, the work-related ones are those that are related to one’s work or occupation.
Risk factors of Musculoskeletal Diseases
The strain of too intense forces may cause a critical burden on the loaded tissues. When you carry or lift heavy objects, there can be undue strain on muscles. Other instances are supporting, holding, pulling or pushing a person or an object.
Musculoskeletal disorders can also be as a result of handling goods for prolonged periods, especially if the work is done for a significant amount of working days continuously or for numerous years.
Frequent operation of machines and particularly repetitive motions even on low weights and requiring less force may also cause these diseases. Such jobs that induce undue strainon the musculature are supermarket checkout job, typing over long durations, connecting small chores for more extended periods. In these circumstances, the same fibres and parts of a muscle stay activated with high repetition and may be exposed to overload.
Some or practices to prevent Musculoskeletal Disorders
Avoid manipulation of heavy loads by hand.
Decrease the quantity or mass of objects you manage every day.
Diminish the frequency of motion and repetition for the objects you handle.
Ensure that you work with an erect torso, with your arms close to your trunk.
Maintain a constant alteration between relaxation and activation of the muscles.
Stretch your muscles or stand up every once in a while if sitting for long periods.
Take frequent breaks particularly while performing heavy jobs. You can also opt for sports activities and remedial gymnastics.
Break up the monotony by taking up other tasks in turns.
Use seats and tools that induce low vibrations.
Make use of heated tools and gloves at moderate temperatures.
Reforming jobs, changing jobs, and cutting down on adverse social features are some of the other useful practices.
Some useful advice to employees to avoid musculoskeletal disorders in the workplace is to lift loads with both hands while keeping it close to the body, to use hoists, lifters, cranes, or related devices for transporting overweight cargo.